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Scholarly Publishing: Copyright

What is Copyright?

Copyright can be complex and confusing, and people often have questions about how and when to seek permission.  

What is copyright?

  • Copyright is a bundle of rights
  • The right to reproduce the work
  • The right to distribute the work
  • The right to prepare derivative works
  • The right to perform the work
  • The right to display the work

The Basics

Copyrighted material can be used in teaching and research under any of the following conditions:

  1. The work in question is in the public domain.
  2. Permission has been granted by the copyright owner or through some other means such as a negotiated license agreement (such as those negotiated with publishers by the University Libraries or the Copyright Clearance Center.)
  3. The use falls within the four “fair use” factors as defined in Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C or falls under an educational use exemption as defined in Section 100 and as amended by the TEACH Act.

Visit the U.S. Copyright Office web site for more basics and FAQs.

Overview of Copyright Basics