Step One: Ask Question
Forumulate a well-defined answerable question.
The PICO format is an excellent place to start.
Step Two: Search for Evidence
Search credible library databases located in the center of this guide for evidence.
Step Three: Appraise Evidence
Critically appraise evidence for validity, relevance and applicability.
Step Four: Apply Evidence
Combine evidence with clinical expertise and patient values when you apply in clinical setting.
How to Search in CINAHL
Utilize different tutorials such as the ones below:
CINAHL Tutorial - EBSCO 2 minute tutorial
The purpose of this Research Guide is to support you in your NUR 390W course learning outcome to utilize electronic resources to efficiently and effectively search, locate and evaluate desired research-based evidence.
Four Steps to Evidence-Based Practice
Step Two: Search Nursing Databases for Evidence
Articles and Research:
- Academic Search Complete - Find articles on many topics and limit by date and peer reviewed journals. | More Info
- CINAHL Complete | More Info
- Clinical Evidence (BMJ) Find clinical evidence. | More Info
- Cochrane Library (Formerly EBM Reviews) Find systematic reviews. | More Info
- JAMAevidence - Content for the evaluative process of helping clinicians identify the best available evidence. | More Info
- Medline (EBSCOhost) - Medline content with EBSCO tools to find medical information on medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, pre-clinical sciences, and more. | More Info
- Medline PubMed - Public Medline website with links to electronical journals NAU subscribes for medical information on medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, pre-clinical sciences, and more. | More Info
- MedlinePlus Health Information - Find background information on many health topics.
- National Guideline Clearinghouse - A public resource for evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. | More Info
- OvidMD Plus - Search clinical evidence with results linked to UptoDate, Clinical Guidelines, Ovid MEDLINE and other sources. | More Info
- UpToDate - Evidence-based, physician-authored clinical decision support resource for point-of-care decisions. | More Info
The icon indicates that these resources are only available to NAU students, faculty, and affiliates.
Academic Programs & Course Support
Contact Kathee Rose, Librarian, for the College of Health and Human Services
Finding the Full Text
Most articles identified in the databases will have an abstract and then if available a link to the full text.
- Look for a PDF or HTML link in the description of the article.
- If you do not see a link to the full text, use the Check for Full Text link, it may be available in another database.
- If it is still unavailable Click on Request It and we will get a digital copy for you. It's free!
You can request any article that we do not have the full text to regardless of where you got the information from through our Request Materials service!
How to Find an Article If You Have the Citation
Search for a specific article with known citation details.